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Secrets by Bernard Maclaverty

  Secrets by Bernard Maclaverty pivots on the theme of the immortality of letters, in both senses of the word. A parallel theme to this is the guilt complex from the formative years. The story is rather simple and nothing new. A boy looks through some letters which his great aunt, a spinster, keeps as … Continue reading Secrets by Bernard Maclaverty

The Stoat by John MacGahern

  Autobiographical to a large extent, The Stoat by John MacGahern, an Irish writer, is also a study of impulses and instincts. The story is bracketed off literarally by a display of animal insticts and aggression. This story was rewritten several times and revised more than once. The story pivots on different themes. Apart from … Continue reading The Stoat by John MacGahern

Coming by Philip Larkin

How successful is Philip Larkin in depicting the transition between winter and summer? Change of seasons, an uncommon theme in modern poetry, is explored beautifully in Coming, a poem by Philip Larkin. In its totality, it provides us with a real life experience of transition between two seasons. The title itself refers to transition and … Continue reading Coming by Philip Larkin

The Sea Eats the Land at Home


VaishnaviNotes by Sreekumar K

Kofi Awoonor’s poem The Sea Eats the Land at Home, using a string of concrete visual images,  depicts the tragic picture of a people losing themselves and their belongings. It is possible that the poem has an allegorical slant too, since the poet does not say home on land but land at home. However, even without another layer of meaning, the poem is enjoyable for its objectified pathos and detached point of view and narration. The ocean is personified with its insensitive stubborn nature and  destructive perseverance.  The helplessness of the victims whose wails fall on deaf ears of men and gods adds to the tragic element of the poem.

Repetition is one of the techniques that the poet uses, not only to capture the nature of the sea and its waves but also to reiterate and reinforce the tragic element. More than thoughts…

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A question and an answer based on an extract from The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe

Read the following paragraphs which appear at the end of the story The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe, and answer the question that follows. "Not hear it? --yes, I hear it, and have heard it. Long --long --long --many minutes, many hours, many days, have I heard it --yet I … Continue reading A question and an answer based on an extract from The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe

To Build a Fire (1908 version) by Jack London

Written at a time when modernism was in its cradle, To Build a Fire by Jack London was a forerunner of modern fiction. Modern Literature does not treat a work as a finished product. It is only a conduit through which the reader and the writer interact to create art as a befitting product of … Continue reading To Build a Fire (1908 version) by Jack London