Reported Speech and Other Exercises
Only statements can be reported. So all kinds of questions, exclamations and imperative utterances should be made into statements. (Removing the inversion is one way of doing this.)
The reported words refer to past situations. So the tense is pushed one step further into the past, with the exception of universal truths. (E.g. ‘will’ becomes ‘would’, ‘do’ becomes ‘did’ and ‘did’ becomes ‘had’)
The reported words were uttered at ‘a place far away and a time long ago’. So all the words that show proximity will show distance. Other points of reference will also change in the same way. (E.g. ‘here’ becomes ‘there’, ‘now’ becomes ‘then’, ‘today’ becomes ‘that day’, ‘I’ becomes ‘he’ etc.)
A. Sentence types.
Change the punctuation without changing the meaning much.
- If this is how you take suggestions, how will you ever learn a lesson? (full stop)
- How cool the inside of this building is! (full stop)
- They all liked it. (question mark)
- This is a really wonderful idea. (exclamation mark)
- How strange! (full stop)
B. (Inverted sentences)
Rewrite the following sentences beginning with the word underlined.
- I have never visited this place.
- It was only then that I saw him.
- I barely knew it was his plan.
- Barking dogs seldom bite.
- They hardly visit such places.
C. Report the following speeches. (Be careful about tense, proximity, and
- The man said, “We were looking for a gap in the wall to get out from this place.”
- Manu said, “I already have enough troubles of my own.”
- The teacher said, “The Americans speak English and the Chinese speak Chinese.”
- My uncle said, “I have a Chinese friend who speaks Spanish.”
- My cousin said, “There will not be any programme after today’s meeting.”
- The old woman said, “My son came to my rescue.”
- The constable asked the old man, “What were you doing here?”
- My neighbour asked me, “Did you see my friend?”
- Leela asked me, “Didn’t you see him?”
- Tanya asked her, “Have you seen my puppy?”
- Kavya asked her, “Do you go there often?”
- Balu asked him, “Were you playing football?”
- Anita asked him, “Did you see my bag?”
- Anu asked her friend, “Is it true that you are going abroad?”
D. Participles (‘ –ing’ forms). Combine the following pairs of sentences using a participle.
- The house door was open. The valuables were stolen.
- He found his revolver. He loaded it.
- The people elected him. They gave him their full support.
- He was walking in the forest. He saw a wild elephant.
- I finished my work. I went for a walk.
- It was a very hot day. I remained in my room.
- They were very busy. I couldn’t meet them.
- He had spent all his money. He decided to go home.
- He staggered back. He fell to the ground.
- We started early. We arrived at noon.
E. Rewrite the following sentences using the word given in brackets. (One part of speech for another, like, an adjective for a noun or an adverb for a noun or a verb for a noun).
- He was running very fast. (speed)
- This idea interested me. (interest)
- My friend is wealthy enough to start a new business. (wealth)
- We do not listen to their suggestions. (suggest)
- They arrived earlier than usual. (arrival)
- This old man is very wise. (wisdom)
- I loved them so much. (love)
- It takes good communication skills for your speech to be brief. (brevity)
- I encouraged him much. (courage)
- We were very grateful to him. (gratitude)Change into passive voice
My friend’s construction company is building a dam across this river.
They all felt the tremor a few minutes after the actual earthquake happened.
She has played the lead role in that play.
Many of my friends living abroad write to me very short letters.
My father was teaching some poor students from the nearby villages.
She had asked him the question many times. (Or begin with ‘He’.)
We will finish most of next year’s work by the end of this year.
She will have finished her lessons three years from now.
- We feel that incidents such as this should not happen again. (Begin with ‘It’.)
Basic Grammar/Reported Speeches and Other Miscellaneous transformations/ Sahyadri School/2011/9A&B