References to people and places in The Merchant of Venice

Abraham: Father of Laban and founder of the Jewish race. Issac and Laban were his sons. Jacob was his grandson

Aeneas: Greek hero, founded Rome

Alcides: Hercules, Greek hero famous for his feats

Antipodes: Countries on the opposite side of the globe

Barrabus: Jewish criminal who was exchanged for Jesus’s life

Colchos: An island where Sibylla, a monster guarded some golden fleece tied to a post. Jason with the help of his wife, Medea killed the monster and obtained the golden fleece

Cresscida: Troilus, the prince of Troy was in love with Cresscida who was exchanged for war prisoners from Greece. She was unfaithful and in Greece fell in love with Diomed

Daniel:A very just judge of the Old Testament times

Dardanian wives: The Dardanian wives of Troy are just Trojan wives. Dardanian is just another way to say Trojan because Dardania is the city where the Trojan war was fought

Diana: The goddess of chastity and of moon

Dido: Dido was the wife of Aeneus who founded Rome. During Aeneus’ voyages, he reached Carthage and married Dido. Later he sailed away leaving her and she killed herself out of grief

Endymion: He was a handsome young shepherd who was loved by the Moon.

Heraclitus of Ephesus: A Greek philosopher who lived before the time of Socrates. His philosophy of life is famous for its confusing nature. Also known as weeping philosopher.

Hesione: Hesione was the daughter of King of Troy. Poseidon, the goddess of the sea sent a large sea monster, who would only be appeased by devouring the princess, Hesione. Hercules bravely killed the beast by allowing himself to be swallowed by the monster, whom he then killed from the inside.

Janus: A two headed goddess of doors after whom the month of January is named. One face is happy and the other is sad and her statue is often found near thresholds.

Jayson: A famous Greek legndary hero who led an expedition to Colchios in search of the golden fleece and succeed in getting them with the help of his wife Medea

Laban: Jacob’s uncle who is supposed to have engineered the birth of striped lambs. Laban had promised to give him all the striped lambs as his wages. Jacob made the shadows of sticks fall on the rams when they were mating and according the a superstition, artificially engineered the birth of striped lambs.

Lichas: Hercules’ servant

Manna: Divine food which is supposed to drop from heaven on the blessed

Marcus of Monteferet :Probably a well know rich man of Elizabethan times

Mars : God of War

Medea: Wife of Jason, a famous Greek legndary hero who led an expedition to Colchios in search of the golden fleece and succeed in getting them with the help of his wife Medea

Midas: The king who was blessed with the golden touch by gods giving him the power to change anything to gold by merely touching it. He starved himself to death as his own food became gold.

Nestor: A Roaman general famous for his serious demeanor

Oracle: The solemn temples of Rome where the priestesses could help people get their questions answered.

Prodigal son: the character from a parable told by Christ. The young boy left his home, spent all his money, and returned home repentant.

Pyramus: Thisbe and her lover Pyramus was forbidden to meet each other. They became symbols of faithful lovers.

Pythogoras: The famous mathematician who discovered the ratio of the sides of triangle known as the theorem of Pythogoras

Sibylla: A monster which guarded some golden fleece tied to a post. Jason with the help of his wife, Medea killed the monster and obtained the golden fleece

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