English Class
Lesson 1.1
Our course is based on some simple, common words which we call grammar words. We will give them a better name later.
These words are:
is are am was were has have had do does did
Please memorise these words in the same order. This is the only thing you have to memorise.
Now, what is the opposite of plural?
‘Singular’, right?
How does that word start? I mean, the first letter.
‘S’ right?
In the eleven words you have memorised, there are four words which end in ‘s’, the first letter of the word ‘singular’
Which are they?
is, was, has, does
They go ONLY with singular words!
A boy is running.
A girl was dancing.
A worker has gone home.
A herbivore does not eat meat.
A plural usually ends in an ‘s’. And then the grammar words that follow them don’t end in an ‘s’
Boys are running.
Girls were dancing.
Workers have gone home.
Herbivores do not eat meat.
Isn’t that a pattern?
Yes, in a lot of English sentences, either the subject or the verb ends in an ‘s’. Not both of them together.
So much for today.
More about the grammar words in our next class.

Change the subjects in the following sentences into singular:
(Begin with ‘A’)
1. Mangoes are sweet.
2. Doctors have cured him.
3. Chairs were missing.
4. Trees are useful.
5. Girls were dancing.
6. The teachers have corrected this.

Change the subjects of the following sentences into plural:
1. An engineer is coming.
2. A machine was running.
3. A question has been answered.
4. A key is missing.
5. A plate has been bought.
6. A tale was told.


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